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Qualitative Techniques

The most common research technique for researchers is qualitative data such as document analysis, participant observations, and interviews. However, it is not generally the case that researchers will find adequate information while using qualitative research techniques, particularly when examining scholarly research. One alternative research technique that students can utilize is quantitative analysis because it is based on popular methods such as questionnaires and statistical records analysis. The advantage of using quantitative research techniques is that data is ‘objectively’ measured in numbers and analyzed through statistical analysis and numerical comparisons (Noyes et al., 2019). The research data students obtain using quantitative analysis is deemed more ‘scientific’ and more objective than conclusions drawn from qualitative data.

Another research technique students can adopt is using different databases to widen their search. For instance, research databases such as PubMed, JSTOR, and Science Direct have distinct scholarly articles that could contain the information the student is searching for. While using these databases, students should use a variety of search terms to widen their scope of research and hopefully find something useful. Students can also try searching for information in government databases because they often contain objective information. Also, learners can choose to use the case study research technique to conduct an in-depth study of the research topic.

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Outline for Book: The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers by Ballenger

Outline for Book: The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers by Ballenger

  1. Introduction
  2. The book, The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers by Ballenger (2018) highlights the need to first conduct ample research on the context of the topic under study.
  3. The research should focus on the kind of audience to target, the structure to adopt, the narrator to recount the information, and the types of evidence to include.
  4. First Week
  5. In the first week, a researcher should get curious about the information he is about to relay.
  6. Some of the exercises that should be conducted in the first week include building an interest inventory, identify myths of the topic, develop a bibliography and create a research proposal.
  • The Second Week
  1. In the second week, the researcher should identify good sources of information.
  2. It is also a good opportunity to build focused knowledge and search library databases for articles and books.
  3. The researcher should also conduct interviews and surveys.
  4. Third and Fourth Week
  5. During the third week, the focus should be on taking notes from identified sources.
  6. It is also an opportunity to avoid plagiarism while note-taking.
  7. In the fourth week, the researcher should emphasize on organizing and preparing to write a draft of the entire work.
  8. Conclusion
  9. The book talks about the researcher using the draft to write the article or book.
  10. The book should be written with the reader’s response and perspective in mind.
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Unit III Discussion Board

Unit III Discussion Board

Plagiarism, which occurs in many forms such as copying direct work, paraphrasing, and using copyrighted academic material without acknowledging the author/publisher is a serious issue in the academic world. It can be intentional and accidental as Aaron and Greer (2019) note. One of the major reasons why it has become a serious issue is the emergence of online databases and webpages where information on any discipline is easily accessible through the click of a link. While the internet has made plagiarism easy, it has also allowed instructors to check material from search engines and find the specific pages or documents where the information was copied or paraphrased (Aaron & Greer, 2019). Therefore, when people copy/paraphrase or use the information without acknowledging the author, it does not only violate copyright terms but also defeats the goal of research which is to achieve learning through critical thinking and creativity.

I would certainly feel agitated if someone used my ideas and claimed them as their own. For instance, I would file a lawsuit if someone used wholly or copied a section of my bachelors, Masters, or Doctorate thesis and used it as part of his/her research without appropriately acknowledging my work of published content. The process of conducting research studies is an intensive one and requires significant resources in terms of academic time and money to complete (Ballenger, 2018). For instance, gathering data and empirical evidence calls for rigorous nationwide or global surveys and experiments. Additionally, books and journal papers require significant sums of money to publish. Therefore, it is certainly not right to utilize someone’s ideas whether copyrighted or not without acknowledging them in the form of appropriate citations, referencing, or other agreements.

 

 

References

Aaron, J. E., & Greer, M. (2019). The Little, Brown compact handbook, 10th edition. Pearson.         Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780134680927

Ballenger, B. (2018). The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers, 9th edition      Pearson. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780134506739

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Gender Attractiveness

Gender Attractiveness

Name

Institution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit III Homework Assignment: Gender and Attractiveness

Having monologue and dialogue conversations helps the concerned groups acquire the required facts concerning the issue being discussed. For example, from the article the issue being discussed is about the attractiveness level between women and men in the United States (Ballenger, 2018). First, the story mainly provides that United States women consider the men’s attraction as being unfavorable. The discussion involved an undefined group of women, who agreed that 80 percent of men’s attractiveness was worse than women’s (Ballenger, 2018). The missing facts are that the author of the magazine did not point out the core reasons as to why the attractiveness of men is unfavorable compared to women.

In step 2, the disparity is all about how United States men judge women’s attractiveness naturally. However, the article does not provide the exact number of men that were interrogated. Instead, it provides that men judged only 20 percent of women as having a worse average level of attractiveness (Ballenger, 2018). The missing facts from the article are that men only focused on the natural and physical beauty factors while making judgments. Each of the studies considers attractiveness as the affection individuals get from others through natural and physical beauty judgments. The magazine is more reliable because it comprehensively covers the two gender groups and explains why the two have different reasons and judgments about the level of attractiveness.

Individuals perceive gender attractiveness based on physical judgments such as tattoos (Molloy & Wagstaff, 2021). However, some people view tattooed women as bondage to physical attractiveness, but others consider it an appeal for self-rated attractiveness. Therefore, it is good to realize that physical appearances have a significant effect on gender attractiveness judgment.

 

References

Ballenger, B. (2018). The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers (9th ed.). Pearson Publishing.

Molloy, K., & Wagstaff, D. (2021). Effects of gender, self-rated attractiveness, and mate value on perceptions tattoos. Personality and Individual Differences168, 110382.

 

 

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Unit VI Discussion Board

Unit VI Discussion Board

With the information I have gathered about writing sources, I feel that I am ready to start my research. Before reading the course textbooks and other class materials, I had a feeling of paranoia about instances of plagiarism. The technical details associated with plagiarism and the citation process can also be distracting and overwhelming (Ballenger, 2018). I believe that I have gained control since I have chosen my writing voice as well as the purpose of writing projects. I also feel less constrained by documentation and citation demands. I now understand that the research question should guide the entire writing process so that sources used revolve around the theme of the paper.

One of my main setbacks is integrating materials in the paper. Sometimes, I do not understand how to integrate different sources in a single page within the research project while ensuring coherence and relevance. As I was going through the course textbook, I realized that there is active and passive blending when it comes to different types of quotations. I feel that understanding where and when to use these quotations is a major drawback. I also fear that the readers may fail to see the triangleness of my draft. Ballenger (2018) describes the triangleness of a draft as the pieces that define the paragraphs and sentences within the write-up. Finally, I have an issue with seeing mistakes in my research.

I have the difference between mistakes and fallacies. Although both can be committed unintentionally, innocently, and inadvertently, the difference lies in the rationalization after the pressure to change is withdrawn. A person is said to use a fallacy to benefit from a scenario if he/she reverts to the old ways once the reason for the change has been taken away (Aaron & Greer, 2019). Elsewhere, an action is considered a mistake if it does not reoccur once cautioned. I found the revelation surprising since most of the actions we call mistakes are actually fallacies. I also discovered that generalization ignores the uniqueness of situations and objects. Each object is uniquely different from the other. Therefore, one situation cannot be used to describe another. In writing, one scenario cannot be used to express another since there are inherent differences that may make such correlations wrong.

 

 

 

References

Aaron, J. E., & Greer, M. (2019). The Little, Brown compact handbook (10th ed.). Pearson Education Learning.

Ballenger, B. (2018). The curious researcher: A guide to writing research papers (9th ed.). Pearson Education Learning.

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Psychology: Week 2 Discussion

Topic: Week 2 discussion
Description:
In the Week 2 readings, we learn that the self is a distinct identity that sets us apart from others. There are a variety of diversity dimensions that make us unique, including race, gender, religion, age, and class. In addition, many of our identities intersect, and depending on the environment or social context, can be variously prominent.

Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:

Ch. 4 of Sociology in Modules challenges us to think of our personal identity and factors that influence how we are socialized, as well as how we socially engage. How would you describe yourself in terms of three prominent identity characteristics?
Share an example of a time when one of your diversity dimensions was more prominent than others. What made that specific diversity dimension stand out?
Share a time when one of your diversity dimensions conflicted with another.
How do your multiple diversity dimensions show up in the workplace? Are some of your diversity dimensions more prominent than others in the workplace setting?

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parenting Today’s Children: A developmental Perspective

The seven factors that influence parenting styles are Familiarity, Children’s Age, Gender, Temperament, Family Size, Stress and When Parents Don’t Agree. Familiarity is a very common reason as to why parents adopt certain parenting styles. Some parents are not even aware that the same parenting style that they use on their children is the same one that their parents used on them. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to see flaws in the way their parents raised them so that they will not make those mistake raising their children today. The age of their child will let the parents known which parenting style to use. Ellen Galinsky chart show the six developmental stage of parenting and how in each different stage the child requires a different type of parenting style. This factor makes for effective parenting because parent must make sure as their children get older, they also change their parenting style because failure to do so can lead to family conflict and the increase of stress. The gender of the child does play a role into how that child will be parented. Even with the global change some parents are still more traditional than others. It has been shown that mothers often used authoritarian parenting style on their daughters while using a more relax style on their sons. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to see that both gendered children should be raised with the same parenting style. The temperament of the child has been known to greatly influence how the parents choose to parent that child. When raising the children, the parents own temperament should be brought into the mix because when they both have a similar or compatible temperament, they can both result in a positive outcome. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to find more ways on how to raise that child without having to adopt the authoritarian style. The family size will have an influence on the parent parenting style. When a family is smaller the parents can devote more time to their children but if the family is larger, parents often adopt an authoritarian style of parenting. Children in large families will compete for their parent’s attention while also seeking guidance and advice from their other siblings. This factor makes effective parenting by reminding the parents to make time for all their children no matter how big or small the family is. Stress is another factor that can influence and affect a parent parenting style. The environment and other factor such has job uncertainty and housing instability can take up parent’s time and energy leaving them to adopt a more authoritarian style. When a family has more outside support this can lead to less stress which will result in a more effecting parenting style. Parents not agreeing is the last factor that can influence their parenting style. The mother has been known to have a more nurturing and caring side while the father has been known to be more traditional and more of a strict disciplinarian. This last factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the child to have a combination of a structured and also lax childhood.

Reference

Marotz, L. R. & Kupyzk, S. (2018) Parenting today’s children: A developmental perspective. Boston, MS: Cengage Learning.

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Factors that influence Parenting Styles

The seven factors that influence parenting styles are familiarity, children’s age, gender, temperament, family size, education and culture, and stress. Familiarity and experience influence parents into their preferred parenting style. Parents may often unconsciously raise their children the way they were raised because they are familiar with that parenting style. Although for that same reason parents may choose to take a different approach with their children. A child’s age also contributes to a parent’s type of parenting style. Ellen Galinsky’s six stages of parenting illustrates a child’s development and the changes a parent should make to adjust their child-rearing style based on each stage (Marotz & Kupyzk, 2018, p. 138). For example, an adolescent should be treated with a different approach than a toddler. The next factor that may influence parenting styles is gender. Researchers found that older female siblings are held at higher academic standards than their younger male siblings. It is also said that mothers are more demanding towards their sons while their fathers are lax. A child and their parents’ temperament can also influence their interactions and child-rearing practices. If a child and their parent’s temperament clash, then this can harm the child’s social-emotional development as well as their relationship. When family size increases parents may resort to an authoritarian parenting style. Families with fewer children tend to be more attentive and careful of their child’s needs because immediate compliance is not necessary. When parents have more education, they tend to practice an authoritative style. In recent years parents have leaned towards the authoritative style because they are beginning to understand the positive effects this approach can have. Lastly, stress can also affect a parent’s child-rearing style. Stress can affect the emotions of either the parent or the child resulting in a change of parenting style. Anxiety and stress lead to a more authoritarian approach in parents.

Reference

Marotz, L. R. & Kupyzk, S. (2018) Parenting today’s children: A developmental perspective. Boston, MS: Cengage Learning

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AH386: American Modernisms

AH386: American Modernisms

 

Visual Analysis Paper:   

 

This paper (2-3 pages) should analyze one of the following objects at the Museum of Fine Arts:

 

*James Abbott McNeil Whistler, The Last of Old Westminster, 1862

*Mary Cassatt, Mrs. Duffee Seated on a Striped Sofa, Reading, 1876

*William Glackens, Italo-American Celebration, Washington Square, c.1912 226)

 

Your task is to analyze the ways that your chosen artwork uses the characteristic material forms and symbolic language of its medium (oil paint) to advance a particular account of its subject (urban rivers/waterfronts, women’s literary leisure, or a bohemian Parisian neighborhood). To this end, your paper should carefully describe the formal composition of your chosen painting and analyze how specific pictorial tactics employed by that work contribute to an interpretation of the person/place that it represents. Papers should address the artwork’s localized details and broader structure, and remain attentive to any elements that may add complexity or contradiction to the artwork’s interpretation of its subject.

 

Papers should be submitted through the Blackboard site; please use the “visual analysis paper” link in the Assignments section of the website.

Papers should be 4-5 pages with standard formatting (double spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margins), and should take the form of a Word document or pdf file. 

 

Please do NOT incorporate text or information from the MFA website in your paper.

 

As you consider your chosen work, you may wish to consider:

 

*the distribution of light and shadow within the scene

*the colors employed in the scene (bright or muted? Hot or cool? Harmonious or discordant?)

*viewpoint (where are we situated? What sort of view do we enjoy?)

*composition: relationship between the fore/middle/backgrounds (visual or thematic)

*the suggestion of space and/or recession (does the picture create the illusion of navigable space, or does it seem to flatten out/emphasize the flat plane of the canvas?)

*the role of any/all figures in the scene

*handling of light/atmosphere

*paint handling (is it tactile/thick or transparent/thin? Is brushwork visible or concealed? How are individual forms articulated in paint? Does the brushwork suggest spontaneity or careful deliberation?)

*the urban setting (where in the city is the scene set? How does the picture render the spaces/forms of the urban fabric? How does the picture position the viewer in relation to its setting?)

*the social character of the urban subject (what sorts of city dwellers does the painting depict? What kinds of buildings/establishments? Does the picture suggest anything about the social life of its urban setting?)

 

PLEASE REMEMBER: This is not a research paper. You should not refer to website text or other supporting materials (online resources, etc.) related to these objects.

 

You should instead build your interpretation around a detailed and sensitive formal analysis of the artwork derived from your sustained observation of the work. You may also draw on class discussions and/or your textbook to think about the ways that your portrait relates to other period paintings.

 

A few hints about building your arguments:

 

***Look at your selected work for an extended segment of time, and take as many notes about the work as you can—these notes should be the primary ‘raw data’ that you will use to make your case.

 

***As you develop your interpretation, be sure to support general claims (i.e. “the portrait underscores the intelligence of the sitter”) with specific formal details.

 

***Try to build a nuanced interpretation of your chosen work—look for any passages of ambiguity, contradiction, or complexity that might complicate the apparent or “surface” meaning of the painting or sculpture.

 

 

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Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

Professional Development of Nursing Professionals

 

Review the Institute of Medicine’s 2010 report “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Write a 750‐1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice. Include the following:

  1. Summarize the four messages outlined in the IOM report and explain why these are significant to nursing practice.
  2. Discuss the direct influence the IOM report has on nursing education and nursing leadership. Describe the benefits and opportunities for BSN‐prepared nurses.
  3. Explain why it is important that a nurse’s role and education evolve to meet the needs of an aging and increasingly diverse population.
  4. Discuss the significance of professional development, or lifelong learning, and its relevance in caring for diverse populations across the life span and within the health‐illness continuum.
  5. Discuss how nurses can assist in effectively managing patient care within an evolving health care system.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.