The seven factors that influence parenting styles are Familiarity, Children’s Age, Gender, Temperament, Family Size, Stress and When Parents Don’t Agree. Familiarity is a very common reason as to why parents adopt certain parenting styles. Some parents are not even aware that the same parenting style that they use on their children is the same one that their parents used on them. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to see flaws in the way their parents raised them so that they will not make those mistake raising their children today. The age of their child will let the parents known which parenting style to use. Ellen Galinsky chart show the six developmental stage of parenting and how in each different stage the child requires a different type of parenting style. This factor makes for effective parenting because parent must make sure as their children get older, they also change their parenting style because failure to do so can lead to family conflict and the increase of stress. The gender of the child does play a role into how that child will be parented. Even with the global change some parents are still more traditional than others. It has been shown that mothers often used authoritarian parenting style on their daughters while using a more relax style on their sons. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to see that both gendered children should be raised with the same parenting style. The temperament of the child has been known to greatly influence how the parents choose to parent that child. When raising the children, the parents own temperament should be brought into the mix because when they both have a similar or compatible temperament, they can both result in a positive outcome. This factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the parents to find more ways on how to raise that child without having to adopt the authoritarian style. The family size will have an influence on the parent parenting style. When a family is smaller the parents can devote more time to their children but if the family is larger, parents often adopt an authoritarian style of parenting. Children in large families will compete for their parent’s attention while also seeking guidance and advice from their other siblings. This factor makes effective parenting by reminding the parents to make time for all their children no matter how big or small the family is. Stress is another factor that can influence and affect a parent parenting style. The environment and other factor such has job uncertainty and housing instability can take up parent’s time and energy leaving them to adopt a more authoritarian style. When a family has more outside support this can lead to less stress which will result in a more effecting parenting style. Parents not agreeing is the last factor that can influence their parenting style. The mother has been known to have a more nurturing and caring side while the father has been known to be more traditional and more of a strict disciplinarian. This last factor makes for effective parenting by allowing the child to have a combination of a structured and also lax childhood.
Marotz, L. R. & Kupyzk, S. (2018) Parenting today’s children: A developmental perspective. Boston, MS: Cengage Learning.